About Gas Odorization
Natural gas (and propane) by itself is fragrance-free and combustible, an unsafe combination. If ignitable gases are left undetected by the nose, a dangerous and potentially disastrous condition is created. The impetus to add an odor (odorize) to gases was created in 1937, when non-odorized natural gas ignited in a Texas school, killing over 200 children. Today, federal regulations mandate the odorization (49 CFR 192.625) of combustible gases so that the gas can be detected by the odor.
This regulation mandates that, at all times, combustible gases must be detectable at one-fifth the lower explosive limit by a person with a normal sense of smell. Studies showed that odorous chemicals (chemicals that stink) are the best warning agent. Subsequently, compounds were developed to be injected into gas lines to act as a warning means, resulting in natural gas odorization.
To learn more, about natural gas odorization visit “What is natural gas odorization?”
Odorization FAQ – Everything you Never Knew you Wanted to Ask
Odorization is the process of injecting an odorant into gas to make it detectable to a person who has an ordinary sense of smell.
The odorizer or odorant injection system is the equipment that infuses odorant into a gas stream. There are chemical injection and chemical vaporization systems. GPL manufactures odorant injections systems.
The odorant is the compound or chemical, often mercaptan, that is injected into the gas to make it detectable with its scent.
The odorant is likely to be a blend of different organosulfur compounds or even non-sulfur compounds. Common odorants for natural gas may include tertiary butyl mercaptan, tetrahydrothiophene, isopropyl mercaptan, dimethyl sulfide, and methyl ethyl sulfide.
Adding an odorant to undetectable gas began in Germany in the 1880s. However, it took a catastrophe on U.S. soil in 1937 to gain widespread odorization acceptance. At that time, a non-odorized gas leaked into a London Texas school, and over 300 people were injured, and more than 295 students and teachers killed.
Odorant is injected or infused into the natural gas stream to intentionally deliver the distinctive odor of rotten eggs or hydrogen sulfide, to warn people in the area that natural gas is present.
How much odorant is added to natural gas? Natural Gas is odorized so that a person with a normal sense of smell can detect it at a concentration that is well below the explosive range. The level of odorant may change depending on the applicable local codes; however, an odorant concentration between 0.5 to 1.0 percent by volume is typical.
The lower explosive limit (LEL) is the lowest concentration (by percentage) of a gas or vapor in the air that can ignite in the presence of an ignition source. Below the LEL, the gas is too lean to burn. For methane, the primary gas of natural gas, the LEL is 5%. Likewise, the upper explosive limit (UEL) is the highest concentration (by percentage) of a gas or vapor in air that can ignite in the presence of an ignition source. The UEL for methane is 15%. When above the UEL, the gas is too rich to ignite.
Tanks and Containment
We provide mercaptan or methanethiol (odorant) tank assemblies and containment vessels.
Packaged Odorizer Skids
We produce complete skids with odorizer, odorant tank and containment assemblies in a variety of configurations.
Our portable odorization packages are easy to transport. They include everything necessary for odorizing.